Spring – a time of bright sunshine and lush flowering (never mind that periodically until the snow falls, because it will melt soon anyway). However, while ordinary people blossoming buds and blossoming dandelions cause an irresistible urge the outdoors as much as possible, from allergies and swollen watery eyes, itchy nose, life without antihistamines becomes unbearable.
What is the most dangerous allergies in the spring and how to cope with it, said Natalia Gevorgyan, allergist-immunologist clinic “Alpha Health Center.”
In central Russia is one of the most popular allergens – pollen of trees, among which the most allergenic considered birch. If we talk about pozdnetsvetuschih trees, the most trouble with allergies delivers oak, alder and hazel. On average, in our band continues bloom from April to May. But each year, depending on how early or late spring, the timing may be shifted by two weeks. Usually peak birch allergies account for the May holidays. This year, the timing of flowering, is likely to come in the second half of April.
SIGNS OF ALLERGY TO POLLEN
If every spring at the same time you have symptoms of SARS: nasal congestion, redness, itching eyes, malaise, it may have an allergy. Often allergic to pollen trees masquerades as cross-food allergies. There are a number of products which react with allergies as well as pollen. This apples, pears, stone fruits (cherries, plums, peaches, and so on). Often begins with an allergy reaction to these fruits – there discomfort when swallowing, itching of the palate.
Often begins with an allergy reaction to fruit – there is discomfort when swallowing, itching of the palate.
The children have seasonal allergies often combined with home – to house dust mites. If children frequent runny nose without fever, there also may be suspected allergic disease. At high concentrations of dust allergy may occur with increasing temperature up to 37,1 – 37,2 ° C. If it is a reaction to pollen, then the temperature will be held throughout the flowering period.
The most reliable method for detecting sensitivity to specific allergens experts consider holding skin allergy tests. They are made in the fall, when everything fades from approximately October. During flowering, skin tests are not carried out, but this period can donate blood for specific immunoglobulins. If we compare these two methods, it is more informative are allergy tests. Ideally you should hold both the test and compare the results.
HOW TO RESIST ALLERGIES?
Do not rush to take antihistamines. Of course, when an allergy is “covered” nose breathing and itchy throat, medications will help relieve symptoms, but not cure. At the same time to maximize the exposure to start taking anti-allergy medications, doctors recommend two weeks before flowering and for another two weeks after allergic period.
In addition, it is important to immunization: to identify the allergen, which gives the greatest response, and, starting with minimal doses, gradually throughout the winter to enter it into the blood in increasing doses.
There is also a year-round supporting courses. For the treatment of allergies, reduce symptoms and prevent severe manifestations of allergy recommended treatment planned for three years. Then the patient gradually become immune .
HOW TO SURVIVE THE PERIOD OF FLOWERING
1. The best option – to go to the flowering period to another climate zone. For example, by the sea. Remember that at this time the immune system is weakened. Even if you go to the visa-free country, do not forget to purchase health insurance. It will protect against the possible costs of doctors.
2. If you are still left in the city, you should not walk in the dry calm weather, is also better not to leave the city. Houses keep the windows closed, ventilate only in the evening or after a rain, when the concentration of pollen in the air is reduced. After the walk, always remove clothing, preferably immediately wash it, clean up the head. Good air purifier helps.
3. Be sure to follow the diet with the exception of cross-products in the flowering period , and a few weeks before and after it. Even if you normally carry normal apples, pears, stone fruits (cherries, plums, peaches, etc.), nuts (especially hazelnuts), fresh carrots (including juices), potatoes, celery, olives, kiwi, these products nevertheless recommended to exclude from the diet.
There are websites that publish reports on measurements of the concentration of pollen in the air.
4. There are websites that publish reports on measurements of the concentration of pollen in the air. Every two days, updating data. Periodically review this information. In the most “unfavorable” days better to stay home.
The most unpleasant companion allergies – is the risk of asthma occurrence. According to statistics, if a person suffers from allergies for 5-6 years and can not be cured (receiving antihistamines treatment is not considered), the likelihood that he will develop asthma, very high – up to 80%.
If you do not spend quality allergy treatment, besides the risk of asthma, there is a danger of spreading allergens (household allergens, allergic to weeds and field, etc.).