What a Rush Ebola
Ebola was first recorded in 1976 in the area of the river with the same name in Zaire. Then her mortality was 88% of all infected. Since then, the virus regularly causes epidemics in some African country. A percentage of mortality varies from 0 to 100%. So to predict how behave new kind of virus, no one can.
The virus can be transmitted through blood, mucous membranes, and physiological secretions from person to person or from infected animals. Most often carriers melts bats, rodents, sick chimpanzees, pigs and their meat.
Signs of infection
So, Ebola: symptoms. The disease may not manifest until 20 days. However, if the infection has occurred, the symptoms will appear in the following order:
- Appear sharp and severe weakness.
- The temperature rises.
- There will be intense headaches and muscle pain.
- Sore throat as angina.
- Abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea.
- Dry cough and pain stabbing character in the chest.
- Begin to develop symptoms of dehydration.
- Encounter skin rash.
- Reduce the operating function of the liver and kidneys.
- In half of the cases appear bleeding (hemorrhagic syndrome) – almost the last stage at which recovery is already unlikely.
The appearance of heavy bleeding gives disappointing forecast. Typically, if after two weeks the patient did not recover, the probability of mortality is 85%.
Prior to the onset of hemorrhagic phase, the disease often resembles the usual types of fever, so it is extremely difficult to cure. Indeed, after the bleeding will do will already be almost nothing is impossible.
In the world as long as there is no licensed vaccine and the vaccination program from Ebola, it is still only at the stage of development. But as scientists assure, up to 7% of people are immune to this virus, and up to half of cases still recover.
The main thing in the treatment – an intensive impact on symptoms and intravenous maintenance therapy with saline solution. In general, we can say that a universal treatment algorithm Ebola not, there are only a number of medical procedures to stabilize the condition.
Prevention in this disease more than important: personal hygiene, compliance control the spread of infection and personal security – and that’s all that can now provide medicine Zairian Ebola virus (2014).