On Friday, October 10, in Oslo named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize. They were 17-year-old Pakistani Malala Yousafzai and 60-year-old Indian Kailash Satyarhi. The award was given “for the fight against the oppression of children and young people and for the right of children to education.”
Malala Yousafzai gained notoriety in 2009 at the age of 11 years due to the blog on the BBC, in which detail about his life under the Taliban regime and the Education for girls. October 9, 2012 at Malala committed attempted terrorist groups “Tahrik-e-Taliban Pakistan,” as she was returning home from school. She received severe injuries to the head and neck, fell into a coma and was transported for treatment in the UK.
In 2013 in London, published her autobiography. The same day, a representative of “the Taliban,” said in an interview with a Pakistani newspaper that militants do not leave attempts to kill her as an accomplice of the infidels in the war against Islam.
Malala was one of the main favorites for the Nobel Prize in 2013, but the award went to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons – “for a lot of efforts to eliminate chemical weapons.”
In the same 2013 Malala became the winner of the Sakharov Prize Politkovskaya.
Kailash Satyarhi – Indian defender of the rights of children, who spent many years fighting against the use of child labor. Since the 90-ies of the last century, his organization Bachpan Bachao Andolan rescued from various forms of slavery more than 80 thousand children and helped them to successfully rehabilitate and get an education.
This year was once again broke the record for the number of candidates – their 278, 47 – and local organizations. According to the rules of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, the full list of nominees will be published not earlier than in 2064 – 50 years after the award of the prize. However, information about the candidates often reveal those who nominated them.
Bookmakers taking bets annually make their own lists based on information from public sources.
In this case, most of Norway most authoritative “Nobel predictor” is considered the head of the Peace Research Institute (PRIO) Kristian Berg Harpviken annually publishes its “five” candidates, according to Tass. According to the researcher, this year was a high probability that the Peace Prize will be awarded to the Japanese people for the preservation of the ninth article of the Constitution, which declares Japan’s renunciation of war “as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes. “
One of the informal associations of Japanese citizens who oppose the government’s plans to revise the text of the constitution of 1947, has made the nomination for the award of the world, “the people of Japan, acting for the preservation of the ninth article of” running a campaign to collect signatures on the Internet. This candidate has topped the list Harpviken.
Ex-US intelligence officer Edward Snowden nominated for the Peace Prize this year, at least five times, including the Norwegian parliament, located on the second line.
In third place on the list – Russian “Novaya Gazeta”. According to the Norwegian explorer, the Nobel committee this year could well also opt for one of the Russian human rights organizations.
Closed the five Harpviken Congolese doctor Denis Mukvege and Malala Yusufzai, an award winning.
Pope Francis, who in the early years Harpviken considered a top contender for the award, was not included in the updated version of the list.
Under the terms of Alfred Nobel’s will, the Peace Prize is awarded annually and is awarded not in the Swedish and the Norwegian capital. Winners are chosen by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, which consists of five honored citizens of Norway, elected by parliament. Like the rest of the Nobel prizes, the Peace Prize will be awarded on December 10, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death.Winner of the award will present His Majesty Harald V.